Heritage & Culture
The Tamil culture has incredibly marked and influenced the world’s civilization. It is heralded as one of the world’s oldest existing ethno-linguistic cultural groups, bearing notable contribution in various fields since humankind’s evolution. Flaunting a rich cultural and historical heritage, the Tamil culture remains an exquisite coalesce of traditional mores and ancient wisdom.
Archeological studies attest that Tamil civilization can be traced to most primitive times. Yet, history proves inscriptions existing between the 3rd and 2nd century BC in caves and on pottery. The inception of Tamil culture stays mysterious given the fact that it is not born out of people - ‘’aparushaya’’; but rather from self-genesis-leading us to understand that Tamil cultural practices precedes even human civilization, rending this Dravidian culture phenomenal and singular.
Furthermore, history delineates three dynasties of Tamil culture-which were more prominent, namely Sozha, Sera and Pandiya which were deeply religious and spread their cherished cultural tendencies and trade over India. The ‘’Three Crowned Kings’’ alluding to their historical appellations waged war to uphold the purity and prevalence of Tamil culture, hence today we have as heritage literary scriptures, artifacts and economic activities reflecting the continuation of Tamil civilization.
Linguistically, the Tamil language is essentially complex and intricate. Being an ancient Dravidian language boasting complex grammar, as expressed in the ‘’Tolkaapiyam’’ -celebrated as of the finest work of grammar, evokes the delicacy and sweetness of the Tamil language. The excellence of this language is highlighted in epics, scriptures, lore and legends found in its literature.
In Mauritius, most Tamil descendents were brought from Tamil Nadu from Britain after 1727.The initial Tamils to arrive were skilled craftsmen and traders. The contribution of the Tamil community is palpable in economical and political system, educational, religious aspect of the Mauritian nation. About 10% of the population consists of Tamils and indeed impacts the rainbow nation of Mauritius in a beautiful way through-for instance: its religious manifestation during Thaipoosam Cavadee, selfless devotion on the occasion of Thimidee and great pomp during many other important festivals.
Henceforth, the Tamil community has established itself as a trans-state community. With 1% of the world population as Tamil speakers, Tamil language is the 15th most spoken language in the world. Also comprising of 76 million people from the Tamil community, Mauritius appears as the second country after Sri Lanka where the Tamil population and culture is most prevalent and resonating.